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路由和交换(Routing and Switching)

适合群体:从零基础开始,一直到通过CCIE,希望将来从事企业级路由交换网络工程师工作;有相关工作经验考取CCIE 证书,获取更好的工作平台,获得更大的提升空间。
学习过程: CCNA+CCNP+CCIE,6~8个月左右。

   CCIE Routing & Switching 


icon-3.png CCNA阶段

icon-3.png CCNP阶段

icon-3.png CCIE阶段

学习周期:  大约6-8个月

icon-3.png CCNA阶段 周六全天上课 5个周六一个循环

icon-3.png CCNP阶段 周一到周五 下午和晚上上课 每天3小时,8周一个循环,建议听2个循环

icon-3.png CCIE阶段 周一到周五 晚上上课 每天3小时,6周一个循环 


icon-3.png 脱产

icon-3.png 在职


icon-3.png 先通过CCIE笔试考试(Written Exam),获得预定实验考试(LAB Exam)资格;

icon-3.png 然后预定一个合适的实验考试日期;

icon-3.png 最终通过实验考试,获得CCIE头衔。


icon-3.png 笔试考试(Written Exam):全球所有VUE考场价格一致,400美金 (折合人民币大约2480元)

icon-3.png 实验考试(LAB Exam):不同考场价格有所区别,1600美金 (折合人民币大约9920元)

icon-3.png 香港考场:1600美金

icon-3.png 北京考场:10800人民币(cisco解释是由于中国的税务原因,价格比标准价略高)

icon-3.png 移动考场:1900美金(cisco解释是由于移动考场需要考官差旅等费用成本,价格比标准价略高)


icon-3.png 笔试考试:考场遍布全国各个城市,提前1-2天预定考试即可

icon-3.png 实验考试:

北京 固定考场常年开放 ,每个考试日5-7个RS位置

香港 固定考场常年开放 ,每个考试日 4个RS位置

上海 移动考场,每年4次,每次1-2周,每个考试日7-8个RS位置

大连 移动考场,每年1次,每次1-2周,每个考试日7-8个RS位置

成都 移动考场,每年1次,每次1-2周,每个考试日7-8个RS位置

西安 移动考场,每年1次,每次1-2周,每个考试日7-8个RS位置

武汉 移动考场,每年1次,每次1-2周,每个考试日7-8个RS位置


icon-3.png 总分:1000分,

icon-3.png 总题量:100题(平均每题7分,开局白给300分)

icon-3.png 题目形式:选择题或者连线题

icon-3.png 考试时间:140分钟,母语非英语国家自动延长30分钟至170分钟

icon-3.png 及格分数:790分

icon-3.png Retake策略: 如果考试不幸失败,重新预定考试需要7天


icon-3.png 考试时间:排错(2小时)+诊断(0.5小时)+实验(5小时)  另外0.5小时机动时间可以补贴任何环节

icon-3.png 排错环节:10个trouble tickets 需要在规定时间内排除相应故障

icon-3.png 诊断环节:3个实际工作场景,根据给出的线索和资源,在规定时间内分析故障原因

icon-3.png 实验环节:5个sections,根据给出的客户要求,在26台设备上完成相应的配置


CCIE Routing and Switching Lab Exam Version 5.0

Exam Description: The CCIE® Routing and Switching Lab Exam version 5.0 is an eight-hour, hands-on exam which requires you to configure and troubleshoot a series of complex networks to given specifications. Knowledge of troubleshooting is an important skill and candidates are expected to diagnose and solve issues as part of the CCIE lab exam. You will not configure end-user systems, but are responsible for all devices residing in the network.

The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of the exam. In order to better reflect the contents of the exam and for clarity purposes, the guidelines below may change at any time without notice.

20% 1.0 Layer 2 Technologies

1.1 LAN switching technologies

1.1.a Implement and troubleshoot switch administration

1.1.a (i) Managing MAC address table

1.1.a (ii) errdisable recovery

1.1.a (iii) L2 MTU

1.1.b Implement and troubleshoot layer 2 protocols

1.1.b (i) CDP, LLDP

1.1.b (ii) UDLD

1.1.c Implement and troubleshoot VLAN

1.1.c (i) access ports

1.1.c (ii) VLAN database

1.1.c (iii) normal, extended VLAN, voice VLAN

1.1.d Implement and troubleshoot trunking

1.1.d (i) VTPv1, VTPv2, VTPv3, VTP pruning

1.1.d (ii) dot1Q

1.1.d (iii) Native VLAN

1.1.d (iv) Manual pruning

1.1.e Implement and troubleshoot etherchannel

1.1.e (i) LACP, PAgP, manual

1.1.e (ii) layer 2, layer 3

1.1.e (iii) load-balancing

1.1.e (iv) etherchannel misconfiguration guard

1.1.f Implement and troubleshoot spanning-tree

1.1.f (i) PVST+/RPVST+/MST

1.1.f (ii) switch priority, port priority, path cost, STP timers

1.1.f (iii) port fast, BPDUguard, BPDUfilter

1.1.f (iv) loopguard, rootguard

1.1.g Implement and troubleshoot other LAN switching technologies 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 2


1.2 Layer 2 Multicast

1.2.a Implement and troubleshoot IGMP

1.2.a (I) IGMPv1, IGMPv2, IGMPv3

1.2.a (ii) IGMP snooping

1.2.a (iii) IGMP querier

1.2.a (iv) IGMP filter

1.2.a (v) IGMP proxy

1.3 Layer 2 WAN circuit technologies

1.3.a Implement and troubleshoot HDLC

1.3.b Implement and troubleshoot PPP

1.3.b (i) authentication (PAP, CHAP)

1.3.b (ii) PPPoE

1.3.b (iii) MLPPP

1.4 Troubleshooting layer 2 technologies

1.4.a Use IOS troubleshooting tools

1.4.a (i) debug, conditional debug

1.4.a (ii) ping, traceroute with extended options

1.4.a (iii) Embedded packet capture

1.4.b Apply troubleshooting methodologies

1.4.b (i) Diagnose the root cause of networking issue (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause)

1.4.b (ii) Design and implement valid solutions according to constraints

1.4.b (iii) Verify and monitor resolution

1.4.c Interpret packet capture

1.4.c (i) Using wireshark trace analyzer

1.4.c (ii) Using IOS embedded packet capture

40% 2.0 Layer 3 Technologies

2.1 Addressing technologies

2.1.a Identify, implement and troubleshoot IPv4 addressing and sub-netting

2.1.a (i) Address types, VLSM

2.1.a (ii) ARP

2.1.b Identify, implement and troubleshoot IPv6 addressing and sub-netting

2.1.b (i) Unicast, multicast

2.1.b (ii) EUI-64

2.1.b (iii) ND, RS/RA

2.1.b (iv) Autoconfig/SLAAC temporary addresses (RFC4941)

2.1.b (v) Global prefix configuration feature

2.2 Layer 3 Multicast

2.2.a Troubleshoot reverse path forwarding

2.2.a (i) RPF failure

2.2.a(ii) RPF failure with tunnel interface 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 3

2.2.b Implement and troubleshoot IPv4 protocol independent multicast

2.2.b (i) PIM dense mode, sparse mode, sparse-dense mode

2.2.b (ii) Static RP, auto-RP, BSR

2.2.b (iii) Bidirectional PIM

2.2.b (iv) Source-specific multicast

2.2.b (v) Group to RP mapping

2.2.b (vi) Multicast boundary

2.2.c Implement and troubleshoot multicast source discovery protocol

2.2.c.(i) Intra-domain MSDP (anycast RP)

2.2.c.(ii) SA filter

2.3 Fundamental routing concepts

2.3.a Implement and troubleshoot static routing

2.3.b Implement and troubleshoot default routing

2.3.c Compare routing protocol types

2.3.c (i) distance vector

2.3.c (ii) link state

2.3.c (iii) path vector

2.3.d Implement, optimize and troubleshoot administrative distance

2.3.e Implement and troubleshoot passive interface

2.3.f Implement and troubleshoot VRF lite

2.3.g Implement, optimize and troubleshoot filtering with any routing protocol

2.3.h Implement, optimize and troubleshoot redistribution between any routing protocol

2.3.i Implement, optimize and troubleshoot manual and auto summarization with any routing protocol

2.3.j Implement, optimize and troubleshoot policy-based routing

2.3.k Identify and troubleshoot sub-optimal routing

2.3.l Implement and troubleshoot bidirectional forwarding detection

2.3.m Implement and troubleshoot loop prevention mechanisms

2.3.m (i) Route tagging, filtering

2.3.m (ii) Split horizon

2.3.m (iii) Route poisoning

2.3.n Implement and troubleshoot routing protocol authentication

2.3.n (i) MD5

2.3.n (ii) key-chain

2.3.n (iii) EIGRP HMAC SHA2-256bit

2.3.n (iv) OSPFv2 SHA1-196bit

2.3.n (v) OSPFv3 IPsec authentication

2.4 RIP v2

2.4.a Implement and troubleshoot RIPv2

2.5 EIGRP (for IPv4 and IPv6)

2.5.a Describe packet types

2.5.a (i) Packet types (hello, query, update, and such)

2.5.a (ii) Route types (internal, external)

2.5.b Implement and troubleshoot neighbor relationship 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 4

2.5.b (i) Multicast, unicast EIGRP peering

2.5.c Implement and Troubleshoot Loop free path selection

2.5.c (i) RD, FD, FC, successor, feasible successor

2.5.c (ii) Classic metric

2.5.c (iii) Wide metric

2.5.d Implement and troubleshoot operations

2.5.d (i) General operations

2.5.d (ii) Topology table, update, query, active, passive

2.5.d (iii) Stuck in active

2.5.d (iv) Graceful shutdown

2.5.e Implement and troubleshoot EIGRP stub

2.5.e (i) stub

2.5.e (ii) leak-map

2.5.f Implement and troubleshoot load-balancing

2.5.f (i) equal-cost

2.5.f (ii) unequal-cost

2.5.f (iii) add-path

2.5.g Implement EIGRP (multi-address) named mode

2.5.g (i) Types of families

2.5.g (ii) IPv4 address-family

2.5.g (iii) IPv6 address-family

2.5.h Implement, troubleshoot and optimize EIGRP convergence and scalability

2.5.h (i) Describe fast convergence requirements

2.5.h (ii) Control query boundaries

2.5.h (iii) IP FRR/fast reroute (single hop)

2.5.h (iv) Summary leak-map

2.5.h (v) Summary metric

2.6 OSPF (v2 and v3)

2.6.a Describe packet types

2.6.a (i) LSA types (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9)

2.6.a (ii) Route types (N1, N2, E1, E2)

2.6.b Implement and troubleshoot neighbor relationship

2.6.c Implement and troubleshoot OSPFv3 address-family support

2.6.c (i) IPv4 address-family

2.6.c (ii) IPv6 address-family

2.6.d Implement and troubleshoot network types, area types and router types

2.6.d (i) Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast, non-broadcast

2.6.d (ii) LSA types, area type: backbone, normal, transit, stub, NSSA, totally stub

2.6.d (iii) Internal router, ABR, ASBR

2.6.d (iv) Virtual link

2.6.e Implement and troubleshoot path preference

2.6.f Implement and troubleshoot operations

2.6.f (i) General operations

2.6.f (ii) Graceful shutdown

2.6.f (iii) GTSM (generic TTL security mechanism) 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 5


2.6.g Implement, troubleshoot and optimize OSPF convergence and scalability

2.6.g (i) Metrics

2.6.g (ii) LSA throttling, SPF tuning, fast hello

2.6.g (iii) LSA propagation control (area types, ISPF)

2.6.g (iv) IP FR/fast reroute (single hop)

2.6.g (v) LFA/loop-free alternative (multi hop)

2.6.g (vi) OSPFv3 prefix suppression

2.7 BGP

2.7.a Describe, implement and troubleshoot peer relationships

2.7.a (i) Peer-group, template

2.7.a (ii) Active, passive

2.7.a (iii) States, timers

2.7.a (iv) Dynamic neighbors

2.7.b Implement and troubleshoot IBGP and EBGP

2.7.b (i) EBGP, IBGP

2.7.b (ii) 4 bytes AS number

2.7.b (iii) Private AS

2.7.c Explain attributes and best-path selection

2.7.d Implement, optimize and troubleshoot routing policies

2.7.d (i) Attribute manipulation

2.7.d (ii) Conditional advertisement

2.7.d (iii) Outbound route filtering

2.7.d (iv) Communities, extended communities

2.7.d (v) Multi-homing

2.7.e Implement and troubleshoot scalability

2.7.e (i) Route-reflector, cluster

2.7.e (ii) Confederations

2.7.e (iii) Aggregation, AS set

2.7.f Implement and troubleshoot multi-protocol BGP

2.7.f (i) IPv4, IPv6, VPN address-family

2.7.g Implement and troubleshoot AS path manipulations

2.7.g (i) Local AS, allow AS in, remove private AS

2.7.g (ii) Prepend

2.7.g (iii) Regexp

2.7.h Implement and Troubleshoot Other Features

2.7.h (i) Multipath

2.7.h (ii) BGP synchronization

2.7.h (iii) Soft reconfiguration, route refresh

2.8 Troubleshooting layer 3 technologies

2.8.a Use IOS troubleshooting tools

2.8.a (i) debug, conditional debug

2.8.a (ii) ping, traceroute with extended options

2.8.a (iii) Embedded packet capture

2.8.b Apply troubleshooting methodologies

2.8.b (i) Diagnose the root cause of networking issue (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause) 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 6

2.8.b (ii) Design and implement valid solutions according to constraints

2.8.b (iii) Verify and monitor resolution

2.8.c Interpret packet capture

2.8.c (i) Using wireshark trace analyzer

2.8.c (ii) Using IOS embedded packet capture

20% 3.0 VPN Technologies

3.1 Tunneling

3.1.a Implement and troubleshoot MPLS operations

3.1.a (i) Label stack, LSR, LSP

3.1.a (ii) LDP

3.1.a (iii) MPLS ping, MPLS traceroute

3.1.b Implement and troubleshoot basic MPLS L3VPN

3.1.b (i) L3VPN, CE, PE, P

3.1.b (ii) Extranet (route leaking)

3.1.c Implement and troubleshoot encapsulation

3.1.c (i) GRE

3.1.c (ii) Dynamic GRE

3.1.d Implement and troubleshoot DMVPN (single hub)

3.1.d (i) NHRP

3.1.d (ii) DMVPN with IPsec using preshared key

3.1.d (iii) QoS profile

3.1.d (iv) Pre-classify

3.2 Encryption

3.2.a Implement and troubleshoot IPsec with preshared key

3.2.a (i) IPv4 site to IPv4 site

3.2.a (ii) IPv6 in IPv4 tunnels

3.2.a (iii) Virtual tunneling interface (VTI)

3.3 Troubleshooting VPN technologies

3.3.a Use IOS troubleshooting tools

3.3.a (i) debug, conditional debug

3.3.a (ii) ping, traceroute with extended options

3.3.a (iii) Embedded packet capture

3.3.b Apply troubleshooting methodologies

3.3.b (i) Diagnose the root cause of networking issue (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause)

3.3.b (ii) Design and implement valid solutions according to constraints

3.3.b (iii) Verify and monitor resolution

3.3.c Interpret packet capture

3.3.c (i) Using wireshark trace analyzer

3.3.c (ii) Using IOS embedded packet capture

5% 4.0 Infrastructure Security

4.1 Device security

4.1.a Implement and troubleshoot IOS AAA using local database

4.1.b Implement and troubleshoot device access control 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 7


4.1.b (i) Lines (VTY, AUX, console)

4.1.b (ii) SNMP

4.1.b (iii) Management plane protection

4.1.b (iv) Password encryption

4.1.c Implement and troubleshoot control plane policing

4.2 Network security

4.2.a Implement and troubleshoot switch security features

4.2.a (i) VACL, PACL

4.2.a (ii) Stormcontrol

4.2.a (iii) DHCP snooping

4.2.a (iv) IP source-guard

4.2.a (v) Dynamic ARP inspection

4.2.a (vi) Port-security

4.2.a (vii) Private VLAN

4.2.b Implement and troubleshoot router security features

4.2.b (i) IPv4 access control lists (standard, extended, time-based)

4.2.b (ii) IPv6 traffic filter

4.2.b (iii) Unicast reverse path forwarding

4.2.c Implement and troubleshoot IPv6 first hop security

4.2.c (i) RA guard

4.2.c (ii) DHCP guard

4.2.c (iii) Binding table

4.2.c (iv) Device tracking

4.2.c (v) ND inspection/snooping

4.2.c (vi) Source guard

4.2.c (vii) PACL

4.3 Troubleshooting infrastructure security

4.3.a Use IOS troubleshooting tools

4.3.a (i) debug, conditional debug

4.3.a (ii) ping, traceroute with extended options

4.3.a (iii) Embedded packet capture

4.3.b Apply troubleshooting methodologies

4.3.b (i) Diagnose the root cause of networking issue (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause)

4.3.b (ii) Design and implement valid solutions according to constraints

4.3.b (iii) Verify and monitor resolution

4.3.c Interpret packet capture

4.3.c (i) Using wireshark trace analyzer

4.3.c (ii) Using IOS embedded packet capture

15% 5.0 Infrastructure Services

5.1 System management

5.1.a Implement and troubleshoot device management

5.1.a (i) Console and VTY

5.1.a (ii) telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, SSH, SCP

5.1.a (iii) (T)FTP 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 8

5.1.b Implement and troubleshoot SNMP

5.1.b (i) v2c, v3

5.1.c Implement and troubleshoot logging

5.1.c (i) Local logging, syslog, debug, conditional debug

5.1.c (ii) Timestamp

5.2 Quality of service

5.2.a Implement and troubleshoot end to end QoS

5.2.a (i) CoS and DSCP mapping

5.2.b Implement, optimize and troubleshoot QoS using MQC

5.2.b (i) Classification

5.2.b (ii) Network based application recognition (NBAR)

5.2.b (iii) Marking using IP precedence, DSCP, CoS, ECN

5.2.b (iv) Policing, shaping

5.2.b (v) Congestion management (queuing)

5.2.b (vi) HQoS, sub-rate ethernet link

5.2.b (vii) Congestion avoidance (WRED)

5.3 Network services

5.3.a Implement and troubleshoot first-hop redundancy protocols

5.3.a (i) HSRP, GLBP, VRRP

5.3.a (ii) Redundancy using IPv6 RS/RA

5.3.b Implement and troubleshoot network time protocol

5.3.b (i) NTP master, client, version 3, version 4

5.3.b (ii) NTP authentication

5.3.c Implement and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP

5.3.c (i) DHCP client, IOS DHCP server, DHCP relay

5.3.c (ii) DHCP options

5.3.c (iii) DHCP protocol operations

5.3.c (iv) SLAAC/DHCPv6 interaction

5.3.c (v) Stateful, stateless DHCPv6

5.3.c (vi) DHCPv6 prefix delegation

5.3.d Implement and troubleshoot IPv4 network address translation

5.3.d (i) Static NAT, dynamic NAT, policy-based NAT, PAT

5.3.d (ii) NAT ALG

5.4 Network optimization

5.4.a Implement and troubleshoot IP SLA

5.4.a (i) ICMP, UDP, jitter, VoIP

5.4.b Implement and troubleshoot tracking object

5.4.b (i) Tracking object, tracking list

5.4.b (ii) Tracking different entities (e.g. interfaces, routes, IPSLA, and such)

5.4.c Implement and troubleshoot netflow

5.4.c (i) Netflow v5, v9

5.4.c (ii) Local retrieval

5.4.c (iii) Export (configuration only)

5.4.d Implement and troubleshoot embedded event manager

5.4.d (i) EEM policy using applet 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. This document is Cisco Public. Page 9

5.5 Troubleshooting infrastructure services

5.5.a Use IOS troubleshooting tools

5.5.a (i) debug, conditional debug

5.5.a (ii) ping, traceroute with extended options

5.5.a (iii) Embedded packet capture

5.5.b Apply troubleshooting methodologies

5.5.b (i) Diagnose the root cause of networking issue (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause)

5.5.b (ii) Design and implement valid solutions according to constraints

5.5.b (iii) Verify and monitor resolution

5.5.c Interpret packet capture

5.5.c (i) Using wireshark trace analyzer

5.5.c (ii) Using IOS embedded packet capture